domingo, abril 26, 2009
Under the Magnifying Glass: LEAP/Europe 2020 forecasts the imminent breakdown of the dollar | La Jornada, Mexico
By Alfredo Jalife-Rahme, English translation by Gerardo Alejos.
Just like the monetarist bailouts endeavored by the Paulson-Bernanke couple during the twilight of [George W.] Bush’s second term were a failure, the neoliberal bailouts implemented by the Summers-Geithner-Bernanke triplets during the first 100 days of [Barack] Obama’s term seem to have been unsuccessful. And Obama himself seems to have been kidnapped by the Wall Street bankers/beggars, according to Simon Johnson (former chief economist of the International Monetary Fund in 2007 and 2008, and current professor at MIT’s Sloan School of Management) in a chronicle of the “quiet coup” undertaken by US bankers, who “captured” the US government and are currently “blocking recovery” (The Atlantic Monthly, May 2009).
Twenty days after the dysfunctional G-20 summit held in London on April 2, the only summit participant who insists on living completely away from the very delicate reality is [Mexico’s President Felipe] Calderon –delusionally sheltered in his team of the “best economists of the world”–, while the out-of-sight, controversial and misogynous Larry Summers, the main “economic” counselor of his –actual– hostage Obama, admits that there’s a risky uncertainty sailing over the US skies (The Daily Telegraph, 4/20/09). In this regard, we strongly recommend the critique of the G-20 summit that Immanuel Wallerstein published on his website (commentary no. 255, 4/15/09 ).
European think tank LEAP/Europe 2020 correctly forecasted three years ago the present global tsunami which is barely starting, or rather, which is only beginning to enter its second phase –since we still haven’t seen the collapse of the ominous derivatives known as credit default swaps, valued in over 60 trillion dollars, more than the annual global GDP–. LEAP/Europe 2020 has conscientiously earned its position as an invaluable reference for “realist” economic analysis, and its work is miles ahead from the prevarications and chimeras propagated by most of the Anglo-Saxon media –and the risible local media caricatures that lack judgment and discernment–.
This column was perhaps the first one in the Americas to discover the oracular virtues of LEAP/Europe 2020, which are based on hard data, so we have been commenting its monthly findings for a rather long time. For instance, last year we ventured to reproduce its daring forecast of the breakdown of the dollar, which would occur in the summer of this year.
In my recent visit to Paris, just before the London summit, I was surprised to find an “open letter” from LEAP/Europe 2020 to the G-20, signed by the think tank’s Director of Studies Franck Biancheri, published as a one-page spread in The Financial Times -the foremost mouthpiece of global neoliberalism- (“Last chance before global political dislocation”, 3/24/09).
Biancheri raised an unavoidable dilemma to the G-20: “a 3- to 5-year crisis or a decade-at-least long crisis”, given that the “engine” of the global economy can’t be repaired; therefore it’s imperative to build a new engine based on three basic recommendations that should be implemented before this summer:
1) the creation of a new international reserve currency;
2) setting up bank control schemes, and
3) an IMF (sic) assessment of the banking systems of the US, Great Britain and Switzerland (i.e. [the countries that foster the financial policies that spurred the crisis, such as] bank secrecy, the gambling of financial derivatives in the invisible books of tax havens and the immunity of bankers).
To focus on the imminent breakdown of the dollar, we’ll center on the first recommendation that Biancheri characterizes as “very simple” and that, in our judgment, could lead to a world war for it undermines the last bastion of the US power (Bajo la Lupa, 4/12/09): “the US dollar and economy are no longer capable of supporting the current global economic, financial and monetary order”, and this problem lies “at the heart” of the global crisis and its “consequences in terms of mass unemployment and collapsing living standards.”
LEAP/Europe 2020 champions [once again] the creation of “an international reserve currency (which could be called the «global») based on a basket of currencies corresponding to the world’s largest economies, i.e. US dollar, euro, yen, yuan, khaleeji (common currency of oil-producing Gulf states, to be launched in January 2010), ruble, real..., managed by a «World Monetary Institute» whose board will reflect the respective weight of the economies whose currencies comprise the «global».”
Biancheri’s letter ominously concludes that, if this recommendation is not implemented, “today’s international system will not survive this summer,” because each country will behave based on “the «every man for himself» approach”, and those countries or institutions that intend to maintain their status quo will “lose any capacity” to “significantly influence the future shape of this new global monetary system,” given the “political dislocation.”
With this somber background, LEAP/Europe 2020, in its GEAB bulletin no. 34 (4/16/09), enunciates the relentless onward motion of the “Western system breakdown” and mocks the “dollar trap” in which China appears to have fallen –which it supposedly can’t break free from–, according to the notorious assertions of Paul Krugman (New York Times, 4/02/09). China’s plethoric reserves, of course, amount to 2 trillion dollars, and 70% of those reserves are in dollars and the remaining 30% in euros. But is China trapped with no way out?
According to LEAP/Europe 2020, China, like any other prisoner, dreams of escaping its dollar-centric prison, which will occur “by the end of the summer of 2009”, when the US will declare the bankruptcy of the dollar given its defaulting on its debt. Then, each country will act according to its self-interests with the purpose of prevailing in the international system.
China is getting prepared for this ominous contingency. In the first quarter of this year, the growth of its foreign reserves invested in US Treasury –and other US– bonds (i.e. in dollars) significantly slowed down (Chinese Central Bank, April 2009).
Beyond the dire internal divisions in the G-20 and the “pusillanimity” of the “Eurozone leaders”, LEAP/Europe 2020 “anticipates the different forms a US default will take at the end of summer 2009, a US default which can no longer be concealed from this April (most taxes are collected in April in the US) onward.”
Regarding the manipulation of the price of gold, the European think tank explains that “the perspective of a US default this summer is becoming clearer as public debt is now completely out of control with skyrocketing expenses (+41%) and collapsing tax revenues (-28%).” At the federal, state, county and town levels, “tax revenues are vanishing, suffocating (sic) the whole country with spiraling debts that no one can control anymore, not even Washington.” However, the most interesting aspect herein is the reaction of the US citizens, who have begun to rise up against the use of their tax dollars to bail out the speculative blunders of the blood-sucking, parasitical bankers.
- Originally published in the column Bajo la Lupa of the newspaper La Jornada, April 22, 2009, Mexico City.
lunes, abril 20, 2009
Under the Magnifying Glass: Obama faces Latin America’s new-found multipolarity | La Jornada, Mexico
By Alfredo Jalife-Rahme, English translation by Gerardo Alejos.
Barack Obama faced in Trinidad and Tobago –where he enthusiastically advocated Cuba’s triumphant return [to the OAS]– a majority of 31 Latin American heads of state; their position was very different to the heart-warming entreguismo [appeasement, submissiveness] of [Mexico's President Felipe] Calderon, who is shamelessly handing over the Mexico/US border –and its natural gas fields– to the NORAD/Northern Command US couple –although it is only fair to note herein the connivance of the PRI [Mexico’s Institutional Revolutionary Party] Congress leaders, [Senate leader Manlio Fabio] Beltrones and [Chamber of Deputies leader Felipe] Gamboa Patron.
Calderon has exaggeratedly militarized all civil activities in Mexico, a formerly pacifist and peaceful country whose army used to be trained to maintain peace, and he has turned Mexico into the “guinea pig in the Pentagon’s irregular war” (Bajo la Lupa, 4/15/09).
In complete agreement with Mexico’s military annexation to the Pentagon, Calderon embraced the bloodthirsty neoliberal energy agenda of the US –a key point of [former president Vicente] Fox’s SPP: the Security (super sic!) and Prosperity (super sic!) Partership of North America– by means of the controversial measures regarding the emission of greenhouse gases, and has completely forgotten to even mention –much less demand the demolition of– the shameful border wall that Baby Bush unilaterally militarized.
Sailing against the global historical tide, Calderon –who turned out to be more of an ardent fan of the outdated NAFTA than Obama– is sinking along the Titanic-like decrepit unipolarity of the US, and he hasn’t figured out yet that most of the other Latin American leaders are leaning toward multipolarity. Calderon clearly doesn’t understand the meaning of “competitiveness,” a word that he spouts non-stop, as “neoliberal Mexico” still holds a mediocre global position.
So, just like Obama found that most of the 31 Latin American heads of state were far-removed from Calderon’s unipolar dependence, the Latin American leaders –as a whole– found that Obama was extremely eager to reconcile the US with Latin America, and that his position was decidedly different to Baby Bush’s unilateralism.
This fifth Summit of the Americas is very different to its first edition in Miami, in 1994, when then-vicepresident Al Gore launched the now-extinct Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), laid to rest by the creative Latin American heads of state in the 4th summit that was held in Mar del Plata [Argentina], where the laughable Fox-Martita [i.e. Martha Sahagún, Vicente Fox’s wife] couple antagonized most delegates –including Cristina Fernandez, before she became president of Argentina–.
In the fourth summit, Baby Bush used the loquacious Fox as a Trojan horse to undermine the Latin American cohesion that heroically rejected a suicide that the poisonous FTAA was about to cause.
But in this fifth summit, Calderon has found it impossible to market the exaggerated militarization and narcotization –in both senses of the word– of Mexico –which nominally affects our civil democracy and human rights situation– and his neoliberal handing over of Mexican oil, as the only model that should be followed by the other Latin American countries, most of which are already on the path of being freed from the US economic and financial custody –i.e. the Monroe doctrine– in the new multipolar era.
Obama became aware of three different [ideological] positions in Latin America:
1) Calderon’s position, which is unacceptable for most of Latin America, a region in which “neoliberal Mexico” is becoming increasingly isolated;
2) the position of the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA, in its Spanish acronym), very daring and creative in geopolitical terms given its multipolarity; these countries are willing to negotiate with Obama without surrendering to the US unipolarity, while building bridges with Europe, the Middle Eastern, Africa, China, Russia and India; and
3) Brazil’s position, somewhere in the middle of the FTAA and the ALBA, with the strikingness of representing one of the emerging powers of the 21st century, along with the RIC countries –Russia, India and China–.
Given the way in which Obama organized his group meetings in Puerto España, he visibly accepted the existence of three geoeconomic regions in Latin America: South America, Central America and the Caribbean –where “Calderon’s Mexico”, with its shameful border wall, is totally adrift after placing its highest bet on the failed North American integration, which –at most– will be relevant in terms of people and immigration.
It is undeniable that after 100 days of his arrival into the White House, Obama is still on a global honeymoon –shared with his wife, Michelle–, reflected in the “Obama-mania” that has just reached Latin America. But curing the wounds that Baby Bush has inflicted througout the world –particularly in Latin America– won’t be an easy task.
The Obama administration is distressed by the ongoing loss of its position, not to say its leadership, in Latin America, so in this fifth summit it has summoned all of its seductive power in order to carry out a Latino perezagruska: the reactivation of the relationships with Latin American countries.
Obama is already aware of the impossibility of “Calderonizing” the remaining Latin American countries, most of which are more assertive and self-assured than ever.
Behind the seductive reconciliation represented by the “Obama-mania”, through which the US is temporarily playing a defensive role in Latin America, lies the nefarious intention of the US to stop, and even to Balcanize, the astounding expansion of the ALBA, formed by Venezuela, Cuba, Bolivia, Dominica, Nicaragua and Honduras, with Ecuador and Paraguay as guests.
Obama’s problem is that “Calderon’s Mexico” is not attractive or marketable [as a Latin American model] – in a marketing sense, it is even counterproductive–, so the Obama administration is on the quest to find easily-adaptable governments –such as Colombia, Peru and Chile– in order to create an anti-ALBA partnership under the military guidance of the US.
As I write this column, Obama hasn’t brought up in the summit Bush’s idea to create a new forum for the countries of the Americas, based on the “Pathways to Prosperity (super sic!) in the Americas” (White House communiqué, 11/24/08), as a disguised attempt –a new “pathway”?– to resurrect the deceased FTAA, so that it would counterbalance the South American integration being carried out by the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR, in its Spanish acronym), which is likely to become one of the main geopolitical poles of the planet, in the 21st century.
Two days after the mentioned White House communiqué [was issued], the ALBA creatively upped the ante with its single currency project –the “sucre”–.
Calderon’s neoliberal and submissive speech during Obama’s visit to Mexico was a vulgar reproduction of several of the seven points of Bush’s “Pathways to Prosperity in the Americas” communiqué, which was originally issued in New York city with the consent of heads of state and delegates from Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, US, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Peru and the Dominican Republic.
Upon the risk of being immolated in the hells of history, several of these countries, either due to pressure or repression, will gladly become members of an alliance against the ALBA and, if possible, against UNASUR.
Be that as it may, most of Latin America has decisively turned toward multipolarity. And now Obama knows it better than anyone else.
- Originally published in the column Bajo la Lupa of the newspaper La Jornada, April 19, 2009, Mexico City.
domingo, abril 19, 2009
Under the Magnifying Glass: Mexico, ¿the first guinea pig in the Pentagon’s shift to irregular warfare? | La Jornada, Mexico
By Alfredo Jalife-Rahme, English translation by Gerardo Alejos.
First off, some background: last year, in the presence of Mexico’s Senate leader Manlio Fabio Beltrones [PRI], Bob Gates, then George W. Bush’s Secretary of Defense (who was confirmed in his oversensitive position by Barack Obama), promised during a Washington conference that Mexico would be incorporated into the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), as long as the Merida Initiative was approved in the Mexican Congress. Maybe [Mexico's President Felipe] Calderon and Beltrones are not aware that NORAD was used during the Cold War as the nuclear defensive shield of the US and Canada (two NATO members) against the former Soviet Union.
Notwithstanding the notorious entreguismo [appeasement policy] of “Mexico’s ambassadors” in Washington –Jesus Reyes Heroles Jr., his “political consultant” Luis Carlos Ugalde Ramirez (infamous after the devastation of the Federal Electoral Institute [Mexico’s independent electoral body]), and the [former Mexican ambassador to the US Jorge] Castañeda-disciple Arturo Sarukhán Casamitjana–, or the coreographic variations between the Republican and Democratic parties, ¿why is the Pentagon upraising NORAD in the post-Cold War era, with the strange inclusion of Mexico?¿Does the Mexican “governing class” know that Mexico’s espousal of the Pentagon’s military theorems –the war on drugs, the war on Islamic terror, NORAD– will force our country to share the global enemies that the US has duly earned throughout the years in Eurasia, Africa, Europe and Latin America?
Now, the facts. “The ancient route of the perverse men” had already been traced, as French philosopher René Girard would have said, upon the following events:
1) the incorporation of [1994-2000 president Carlos] Salinas’ Mexico to BushDaddy’s NAFTA –a resounding failure, according to top US academic centers–;
2) [2000-2006 president Vicente] Fox’s acceptance of the SPP –the Security (super sic!) and Prosperity (super sic!) Partnership of North America, which served as a cover-up of the handing over of Mexico’s oil and which hasn’t provided “security” or “prosperity”, as it can be easily witnessed in Mexico’s territory–;
3) and now Plan Mexico (a clone of the failed Plan Colombia), only renamed as the Merida Initiative.
The three phases –NAFTA, SPP and the Merida Initiative– are part of the US unilateral agenda imposed to a castrated, archaic Mexico in which the [former Secretary of the Interior] Joseph Marie Cordoba-[former president Ernerto] Zedillo couple, along with their allies [Central Bank president] Guillermo Ortiz Martinez, [former Secretary of the Treasury] Angel Gurria, and the Werner Wainfield brothers –Alejandro, Mariano and Martin, currently one of the directors of Banca Mifel (Voces del Periodista, no. 2007, 4/01/09) and a Goldman Sachs’ employee–, successfully dismantled the Mexican financial system, now obscenely controlled by the Wall Street-City axis.
After the Merida Initiative was approved by the Calderon-Beltrones Congress, Bob Gates is fulfilling his Bush-era promise and has set up the stage, in the Obama administration, in order to incorporate “neoliberal Mexico” to NORAD, as detailed in the analysis by European military think tank De Defensa (4/09/09).
According to it, the Pentagon “is equating Mexico with the Southern border of the US in the cheerful (sic) planning of the war on drugs”, as corroborated by general James E. “Hoss” Cartwright during the April 6 conference in which Secretary of Defense Bob Gates set out his budget proposal for next year.
General Cartwright, a strategist of military globalization, was a US Marine and is second in command to admiral Michael Mullen, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. When asked by a journalist to comment on “Mexico’s participation, for the first time in history, in some binational military exercises in Florida” under the authority of the Southern Command, a brazen General Cartwright confirmed that the “cooperation” (super sic!) will be “both at the service level, for training, and then at the operational level, with the Commander of NORTHCOM, for support in the drug conflicts that Mexico’s working its way through but also for general support in the Mexican government's ability to defend its country (extra sic!).”
Apart from the Hollywoodesque Al-Qaeda threats to Pemex, is there any country or coalition of cartels expressing interest in invading Mexico, while Calderon and [current Secretary of the Treasury Agustin] Carstens affirm that Mexico’s team of the “best economists of the world” is handling the crisis well? The double “support” disclosed by General Cartwright, the unexpected “saviour” of Mexico and its oil, while the US plays as almighty God, “will be more robust (sic) than it has been in the past, by a significant (sic) amount.” [De Defensa] made a very serious charge: “the Pentagon is making the decisions regarding operational cooperation and it has lobbied in order to pressure the Mexican army to accept them.” So, wasn’t it Calderon’s, Beltrones’ and Sarukhan’s initiative that the Northern and Southern Commands defend the Mexican territory and its oil?
The new Pentagon, with a limited budget due to the two-fold financial and economic crisis of the US, has set the stage to carry out a new type of irregular warfare [also called “fourth generation warfare”] (Bajo la Lupa, 12/07/08), and Mexico will be its first guinea pig on a global scale. Nothing is new anymore.
The cheerful General Cartwright did not even attempt to hide the new Pentagon’s “transition” toward irregular warfare, which includes Calderon’s war on drugs -and its hidden agenda of handing over oil and the Mexican security through military force-, which requires specific training and equipment that will be provided by our neighbor and saviour, the US.
De Defensa is amazed at the “remarkable density” of General Cartwright’s response and makes a scathing comment: “this is the Mexican army being publicly involved in an exercise with the US army.” So long for discretion and caution, let’s welcome instead a joint operation under the two-fold pincer-like command of the Northern Command -for the war on drugs in the Mexico/US border and its shameful wall- and the Southern Command -for the defense of the Mexican territory-.
Could it be that the US, in a clear stage of decadence, fears that some of its innumerable global enemies could infiltrate its Southern border and/or the Caribbean, its two most vulnerable spots? Is the Pentagon advancing its defensive lines toward the Panama Canal, connecting Plan Mexico with Plan Colombia? Will this end up gobbling Mexico and the small countries of the Caribbean and Central America?
[De Defensa] writes that “the Mexican armed forces will have to follow the new U.S. doctrine that will be developed - but without discussion (sic).” It also suggests that the dispute over the border is “a step toward the annexation to the Pentagon,” and that it is also a “great test for a new doctrine” through which the military presence of the US will now be “structurally massive.” It is not for nothing: this new doctrine traps Mexico under the only two operational commands of the US for the Americas. Is Mexico the new tectonic plate –in geopolitical terms– between the decadent North and the rising South of our fractured American hemisphere?
- Originally published in the column Bajo la Lupa of the newspaper La Jornada, April 15, 2009 , Mexico City.
sábado, abril 18, 2009
Under the Magnifying Glass: The decrepit, dollar-based financial order still prevails | La Jornada, Mexico
By Alfredo Jalife-Rahme, English translation by Gerardo Alejos.
In my recent lectures –at the international conference of the Partido del Trabajo [Mexico’s Labor Party] in Mexico City, on March 21, and at the Lebanese American University in Beirut, on April 3 (at the invitation of doctor Imad Salamah)– I have detailed the existence of a hybrid three-dimensionality in the “new multipolar order”, an order that has both bipolar and unipolar factors:
1) in regard to geostrategy, the US and Russia are on equal nuclear terms after the Russian response to the agression of Georgia toward South Ossetia –China is a distant third place given its satellite launch and its immense growth–; in this scenario, unless a third world war breaks out, as coveted by the Anglo-Saxon banking system, the world will be a relatively peaceful place provided that none of the top players suffer from an internal dislocation;
2) in terms of geoeconomics, the trends are very clear: the G-7 will slope down and the BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China) will move upward along with the oil nations of the Persian Gulf, among which Iran stands out –in this regard, we should also mention the Barack Obama-led strengthening of Turkey, in order to replace a weakened Israel as the US stronghold in the Middle East, and to counteract the Russian redeployment along the Black Sea–, and
3) in regard to geofinance (a term coined by Under the Magnifyng Glass, reproduced by the Anglo-Saxon press without referencing the source), the dollar hegemony refuses to give up its undeniable power: this makes it the most unstable and dangerous component of the hybrid tridimensional world order.
In geostrategic terms, this “new multipolar world order” came about in August 2008, when Russia repelled Georgia’s agression in South Ossetia (which was instigated by the US and Israel). In the geoeconomics sphere, it could be argued that it started in the Spring of 2004, when the Anglo-Saxon couple [the US and the UK] evidenced its powerlessness to control Irak’s oil production which, in a certain way, gave rise to the serendipitous and irresistible positioning of the BRIC economies.
Only the geofinancial aspect remains freestanding; whether we like it or not, the hegemony –so as not to say the unipolarity– of the US dollar prevails in spite of the global financial tsunami caused by the US, itself a former unipolar superpower.
The prevalence of the dollar-centrism, furtively underpinned by the G-20 summit in London, could be the biggest tragedy of the 21st century: a currency with no economic guarantees, which is only functional because it can’t be replaced in the short term. The US nuclear bombs will now protect the dollar.
No BRIC country has a currency that could replace the dollar in the short term: the Russian ruble and the Brazilian real, two “convertible” currencies, are far from competitive against the dollar, while the Chinese yuan and the Indian rupee are not still “convertible” and do not pose any threat for the US, a country whose currency still is –against all odds– the basis of the world’s monetary reserves, and a country that still prints bills at an irresponsible and hyper-inflationary pace.
The decrepit, 65-year old geofinancial world order stands still. As we have suggested (Under the Magnifying Glass, 03/25/09), the “new global geofinancial order” must be multipolar and it must reflect the new correlation of forces in the geostrategic and geoeconomic spheres. Easier said than done, though.
One of the imponderable weaknesses of the BRIC countries is their financial underdevelopment against the Anglo-Saxon predominance, while the main markets of the latter (Wall Street and the City) still hold the first two places in the financial development index of the World Economic Forum in Davos, that also ranks the G-7 countries and their tax havens in the top positions.
Whoever wins a world war gets to impose a financial order that works in their best interest –such as the trans-Atlantic invasion carried out since the XVII century by Holland, Great Britain and the US–, as proved by Giovanni Arrighi and Beverly J. Silver in Chaos and Governance in the Modern World System (1999), a book we strongly recommend in order to understand the dynamics of the old (now dollar-centric) Anglo-Saxon financial world order.
Adam Posen, deputy director of the influential Peterson Institute for International Economics and former economist of the Fed, shamelessly states that “the role of the dollar is a geostrategic (super sic!) and monetary matter” (Le Monde, 03/30/09). He discards the Chinese proposal –championed by Russia– of the creation of “a global reserve currency” in order to replace the US dollar: “the US government has every reason to believe that the dollar must remain as the reference currency in international trade. It is a geostrategic and monetary matter. It offers greater security (sic) in the global economy to the US.” He also deplores that neither Joseph Stiglitz –Nobel prize of Economy and a supporter of the revamping of the international monetary system– “or anyone else (sic)” have presented “a clear alternative for the current system,” and concludes that “neither the Americans or the Europeans (sic) are willing to give up any share of their control (super sic!) over the international financial institutions.”
It is clear that the last bastion of the geofinancial unipolarity of the US is the dollar, and that none of the BRIC countries is willing to undergo a third world war in order to impose a monetary cosmogony. It seems as if the BRIC countries were just waiting for the entropy of the dollar on account of the military and economic decadence of the US, a former unipolar superpower, so they are only proposing watered-down adjustments to the old international monetary order instead of creating a new one.
From a geostrategic perspective, it seems that the world –instead of becoming multipolar– has returned to a nuclear bipolarity between the US and Russia, while the new players –such as China and India– are still far from the top.
Strictly speaking, the only true “multipolarity” is taking place in the geoeconomic arena: emerging countries hold 32% of global GDP (of these, the BRIC countries produce 13% of global GDP), the European Union has 31% and the US retains 25%. This geoeconomic aspect represents the operational matrix of the new world order, which maintains its old character in the geofinancial field, given that the dollar prevails over the rest of the currencies, amounting to 66.5% of the world's reserves and commercial exchanges, vis-a-vis the Euro’s 24.4%, the sterling pound’s 3.7%, the Japanese yen’s 3.6% and the 1.7% shared by the remaining currencies. To be honest, the British pound and the Japanese yen are appendages of the dollar-centrism. And according to a severe charge published by the European think tank LEAP/Europe 20/20 (GEAB bulletin no. 33, 03/15/09), the Anglo-Saxon axis seems to be trying to Balkanise and vulcanize the Euro.
The world is now sailing in a hybrid three-dimensionality with a unipolar dollar-centrism that may well cause a shipwreck.
- Originally published in the column Bajo la Lupa of the newspaper La Jornada, April 12, 2009 , Mexico City.